Lidé

Ing. arch. Kateřina Nováková, Ph.D.

Autoři
Nováková, K. - Šeps, K., - Achten, H.
Rok
2017
Podkategorie
Článek
Anotace
Consumer goods PET (polyethylene terephthalate) bottles are usually thrown away after consumption. A huge number of them ends up somewhere in the environment. In many developing countries PET bottles are used in construction, mainly as fill-in material in concrete or adobe walls. Special purpose PET bottles have been designed and produced earlier that can be stacked in wall systems. In our research we produced a special PET bottle that fulfils the following conditions: (a) produced with blow-moulding technology; (b) good stacking features to eliminate or minimize binding medium between PET bottles; and (c) produced out of recycled PET. This special PET bottle resulted in a series produced and patented brick called PET(b)rick 1.0. We subjected the PET(b)ricks to various tests as done on regular building bricks: stress, pressure, and heat-freeze. PET(b)rick has reasonable resistance to stress greatly dependent on the filling medium, low resistance to pressure, and a small bandwidth of performance in heat-freeze. We have demonstrated stable and safe application of PET(b)ricks in small seating objects. PET(b)rick does not seem suitable as a self-standing wall, but can function as easily stackable fill-in material within a load-bearing structure.
Autoři
Nováková, K. - Achten, H.
Rok
2016
Podkategorie
Stať ve sborníku
Anotace
According to the dictionary ambient architecture should be kind of object or space that relies to its surrounding or spontaneously reacts on the presence of human. Ambient architecture can also be musically expressed [1] or painted [2]. We developed special architectural building units that offer space for incorporation of intelligence and media for human interaction and for ambience. We are introducing an object called PET(ch)air made of PET(b)rick [3], a hollow transparent bottle-brick. The first intention was to generate new building unit from recycled PET material. Now that we observe its qualities, we can see it is well prepared for ambient intelligence application, especially in combination with light. For the purpose of a brick we are transforming old recycled plastic into new bottle-bricks. Using the bottle-brick as building unit we build interior objects that are ready to turn spaces into ambient rooms, places that can be customized by their visitors or spontaneously react on them. Together with this, we opened a design studio, where students were asked to develop ambient interior pieces for a special event using the method of learning by doing.
Autoři
Nováková, K. - Achten, H.
Rok
2016
Podkategorie
Stať ve sborníku
Anotace
According to the dictionary ambient architecture should be kind of object or space that relies to its surrounding or spontaneously reacts on the presence of human. Ambient architecture can also be musically expressed or painted. We developed special architectural building units that offer space for incorporation of intelligence and media for human interaction and for ambience.We are introducing an object called PET(ch)air made of PET(b)rick, a hollow transparent bottle-brick. The first intention was to generate new building unit from recycled PET material. Now that we observe its qualities, we can see it is well prepared for ambient intelligence application, especially in combination with light. For the purpose of a brick we are transforming old recycled plastic into new bottle-bricks. Using the bottle-brick as building unit we build interior objects that are ready to turn spaces into ambient rooms, places that can be customized by their visitors or spontaneously react on them. Together with this, we opened a design studio, where students were asked to develop ambient interior pieces for a special event using the method of learning by doing.
Autoři
Nováková, K. - Achten, H.
Rok
2016
Podkategorie
Stať ve sborníku
Anotace
Recycled materials are applied regularly in building industry, especially materials that no more have aesthetic or hygienic qualities for use elsewhere. Recycled plastics are quite young and hardly researched for application in buildings. Most studies were made on the implementation of cut plastics or plastic fibres into concrete or asphalt. We developed an innovative application of recycled PET in architecture in the form of a building block, which is produced by the blow-moulding technology: a standard technology of producing packaging of beverages. Based on our previous research on the use of PET bottles in architecture, we developed a new interlocking shape of a bottle, which can be used to build structures. This so-called PET(b)rick can be interlocked perpendicularly and also in parallel which allows the construction of walls in traditional way. The load-bearing medium is air, but the cavity of the brick also allows for filling with different materials. The first test of load-bearing capabilities of such a structure was an exhibit at EXPO 2015 in Milano, where we assembled a bench made out of 72 PET(b)ricks. This object can carry more than 120 kilograms and is used as seat as well as illumination and decoration of the space.
Autoři
Nováková, K. - Prokop, Š., - Čapek, J
Rok
2016
Podkategorie
Patent
Anotace
Stavební jednotka z plastu má tvar hranolu, jehož dno (n) má poměr stran 1:2 a zkosené hrany (z) pod úhlem 45° se zaoblenými rohy (f) s jednotným radiem a výška hranolu je rovna jedno až dvojnásobku šířky. Jedna užší boční strana hranolu je opatřena výstupkem (a) ve tvaru dvou plynule navazujících rovnoramenných křížů se zaoblením ve vnitřních rozích (b) a protilehlá užší boční strana je opatřena negativním vybráním (e) odpovídajícím výstupku (a). Dno (n) je na středové ose opatřeno prohlubní (o) pro umístění až tří hrdel dalších stavebních jednotek i s víčky a výstupky (a) jsou na všech hranách (i) zkoseny pod úhlem 45° a vybrání (e) jsou na všech hranách (j) zkoseny pod úhlem 45°. Jedná se o samonosný multifunkční stavební prvek s využitím recyklovaného plastu. Prvek umožňuje plnění různými materiály a jejich směsmi, jeho tvar umožňuje vazbu mezi prvky.
Autoři
Nováková, K. - Císař, D.
Rok
2016
Podkategorie
Průmyslový vzor
Anotace
Joint for PET bottle chandelier. It is possible to connect multiple bottles into a lamp or structure for other purposes.
Autoři
Nováková, K. - Achten, H.
Rok
2015
Podkategorie
Stať ve sborníku
Anotace
Being overwhelmed by computing technologies, we are forwarding more and more of our skills into area of "thinking by head". Our designing capabilities are turning into capabilities of "how to work with very intelligent technology". The processes of human brain, nevertheless, are different to the processes in computer. Designers are said to think by hand. As architects we are looking for final forms that not only fulfil the technical requirements, but are beautiful as well. Therefore sketching is one of the skills that belongs to an architect in order to design and particularly to work in a team. The workshop will accordingly focus on sketching on electronic devices in comparison with sketching on paper. Is it actually possible to switch to tablets when sketching? If yes, which application is the best to use? In order to find that out, there will be a test of three applications: ColLab Sketch, Queeky and FlockDraw. The participants will be sketching on-line and helping to find the best way of communication by sketch. By drawing they will become a part of the research, their work will be post-produced and exhibited at the welcome dinner.
Autoři
Nováková, K. - Prokop, Š., - Čapek, J.
Rok
2015
Podkategorie
Průmyslový vzor
Anotace
Stavební jednotka z polyethylen tereftalátu, respetive jeho recyklátu ve tvaru lahve. Cihlu je možné vyrobit na výrobní lince pro výrobu lahví, její cena tudíž odpovídá ceně lahve. Je využito standardních preforem a víček. Cihla je transparentní a váží 28g. Jedna cihla unese 3kg při poklesu o 1cm, její únosnost narůstá exponenciálně s přibývající zátěží. Cihly se k sobě spojují zámečky v 6 směrech a při jejich kombinaci a spojování pomocí sedacích desek dochází k roznesení váhy. V objektu PET(ch)air uneslo 72 cihel 1500 Kg.
Autoři
Nováková, K. - Prokop, Š., - Čapek, J.
Rok
2015
Podkategorie
Funkční vzorek
Anotace
Stavební jednotka z plastu. Jedná se o cihlu z polyethylentereftalátu vyrobenou metodou vstřiko-vyfukování, stejnou, jakou se vyrábí PET lahve. Předlisek i víčka jsou standardizované výrobky, cihlu je tedy možné vyfouknout na lince pro zhotovování PET lahví. Cihla byla použita při výrobě sedátek PET(ch)air, která byla vystavena a užívána 5 měsíců v českém pavilonu na EXPO2015 v Miláně. Sedátka reprezentovala českou vědu.
Autoři
Nováková, K. - Prokop, Š.
Rok
2015
Podkategorie
Stať ve sborníku
Anotace
Architekti mohou přispět k udržitelnému rozvoji mimo jiné v podobě znovuvyužití odpadních materiálů ke stavebním účelům a přidat tak věcem a objektům další život, nebo jim život prodloužit. V otázce plastů, plastových obalů zastoupených v tomto případě PET lahví, lze zvolit strategii znovuvyužití společně s recyklací. Strategie se liší v závislosti na zeměpisné poloze a dostupnosti technologií a někdy mohou nabývat i hybridní polohy, kde se mísí různé kvality recyklátu. Výzkumný tým PET-MAT šel cestou designu nového typu lahve z recyklátu, který by prodloužil životní cyklus materiálu PET a ideálně ustálil jeho objem v oběhu. Pomocí cihly speciálního tvaru by odpadla otázka spojovacího materiálu a konstrukce by zůstaly rozebíratelné a recyklovatelné, kde by v našem případě PET měl nepočítaně životů.

Za obsah této stránky zodpovídá: Ing. arch. Jan Jakub Tesař, Ph.D.