Determinants of transport demand as a tool for solving some suburbanization problems. Theoretical background and methodology [Czech]

Ing. arch. Jan Bittner

Suburbanization is one of the most frequently discussed topics in Czech and international academic discourse. Despite the diversity of researched problems, there is one common denominator: the dependence of suburban residents on cars and thus characteristic suburban transport demand. The suburban transport demand is mentioned as a direct or indirect factor of many problems. In Czech planning practice, however, transport is still perceived as an isolated technical problem without a wider context. Therefore, this paper offers a basic insight into the current academic understanding of the complexity of transport demand. The insights are situated in the context of urban planning and suburbanization. The paper is divided into three sections: introduction posing fundamental premises, followed by the main section presenting the theoretical framework of transport demand/supply and two different approaches in modelling. According to the approaches described before, fundamental types of factors influencing transport demand are described. The last part of the paper is a mini-case study seeking for the factors in planning/strategic documents influencing development of Prague suburbs. Finally, the theoretical findings are summarized and their application within the case study is evaluated.

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