Publikace

URBAN PATTERN GEOMETRY AND ITS POTENTIAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Ernest Shtepani

Urban pattern in every city or district is a result of interconnection of the various factors, such as climate, tradition, economy and culture. Different configurations of the urban development allow to the certain extent to control the outdoor microclimate of the cities or districts. The geometrical properties of the buildings, which form the pattern, are the instrument of creation of the urban microclimate, and at the same time they influence at the energy consumption of the building. Density is an economical factor, which shapes the development of the urban districts and settlements. There is a common tendency to intensify the land use and to construct the maximum number of the dwelling units per area. Within the study there were developed six parametric models of the different urban morphologies. For each of the models the land plot is fixed, but the density of the built units and their position are changing according to the height of the building. The idealized models are compared between each other in order to find the ones with the highest economical and energy efficiency potentials. The evaluation is based on the combination of such factors, as urban density, site coverage, number of built units and surface area to volume ratio

Za obsah této stránky zodpovídá: prof. Dr. Henri Hubertus Achten