As a consequence of the velvet revolution, land control of large agriculturally productive properties were transferred from agricultural cooperatives to private ownership. This transfer has resulted in large land holdings with private con- trol. Of particular interest are the Sudeten lands where the German speaking land owners lost ownership as a result of the Benes decrees at the conclusion of the World War II. The surrounding landscape of the small village Mutišov in Slavonice cadaster, Czech Republic and similar size village Reinolz in Dobersberg cadastre, Austria, were selected for this study as they sit on opposite sides of the Czech-Austrian border where the landscape systems can be comparatively studied in relative isolation. These two neighboring land- scapes shared a common cultural heritage until the estab- lishment of Czechoslovakia at the conclusion World War I. After World War II the landscape along the Czech border was affected by dramatic social and political changes that influ- enced local agro-ecosystems.