Forms, shapes and styles of Catholic Churches in the Czech Republic in the 20th and 21th Centuries. One of the most conspicuous groups is of the functionalist churches with their distinctive horizontal and vertical lines (e.g. St. Vaclav, Prague). Other notable groups include: constructivism (e. g. Holy Heart of Jesus, Hradec Kralove), brutalism (e. g. St. Josef, Senetarov), deconstructivism (e. g. St. Vaclav, Breclav), minimalism (e. g. church of Our Lady in Cistercian abbey, Novy Dvur) and modern churches (e.g. St. Vaclav and St. Anezka, Hustopece; Helping Virgin Mary, Brno). The last group shows the universal application of reinforced concrete in sacral architecture (towers of the church of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Emauzy Abbey, Prague). The use of reinforced concrete in sacred architecture in the Czech Republic has revealed a variety of elegant forms and functions which enhance the experience of sacred space.